You are here
Home > Demography (Page 3)

Download Small Populations, Large Effects: Improving the Measurement by Paul R. Voss,Krisztina Marton,Panel on Statistical Methods PDF

By Paul R. Voss,Krisztina Marton,Panel on Statistical Methods for Measuring the Group Quarters Population in the American Community Survey,Committee on National Statistics,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

In the early Nineteen Nineties, the Census Bureau proposed a software of constant dimension as a potential substitute to the collection of unique social, financial, and housing information from a pattern of the U.S. inhabitants as a part of the decennial census. the yank group Survey (ACS) grew to become a fact in 2005, and has incorporated workforce quarters (GQ)-such areas as correctional amenities for adults, scholar housing, nursing amenities, inpatient hospice amenities, and army barracks-since 2006, basically to extra heavily reflect the layout and knowledge items of the census long-form sample.

The determination to incorporate crew quarters within the ACS allows the Census Bureau to supply a accomplished benchmark of the whole U.S. inhabitants (not simply these dwelling in households). even if, the truth that the ACS needs to depend upon a pattern of what's a small and extremely varied inhabitants, mixed with restricted investment to be had for survey operations, makes the ACS GQ sampling, info assortment, weighting, and estimation tactics extra advanced and the estimates extra vulnerable to difficulties stemming from those barriers. the troubles are magnified in small parts, really by way of unsafe results at the overall inhabitants estimates produced for small areas.

Small Populations, huge Effects presents an in-depth evaluate of the statistical technique for measuring the GQ inhabitants within the ACS. This file addresses problems linked to measuring the GQ inhabitants and the explanation for together with GQs within the ACS. contemplating consumer wishes for ACS facts and of operational feasibility and compatibility with the therapy of the loved ones inhabitants within the ACS, the file recommends possible choices to the survey layout and different methodological beneficial properties which may make the ACS extra important for clients of small-area data.

Show description

Download Can Earth's and Society's Systems Meet the Needs of 10 by Maureen Mellody,Board on Environmental Change and PDF

By Maureen Mellody,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Committee on Population,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

The Earth's inhabitants, presently 7.2 billion, is predicted to upward thrust at a fast price over the following forty years. present projections nation that the Earth might want to aid 9.6 billion humans via the 12 months 2050, a determine that climbs to just about eleven billion by means of the yr 2100. whilst, most folk envision a destiny Earth with a better common way of life than we presently have - and, hence, higher intake of our planetary assets. How will we organize our planet for a destiny inhabitants of 10 billion? How can this inhabitants progress be completed in a fashion that's sustainable from an fiscal, social, and environmental perspective?

Can Earth's and Society's structures Meet the wishes of 10 Billion People? is the precis of a multi-disciplinary workshop convened by means of the nationwide Academies in October 2013 to discover tips on how to raise the world's inhabitants to ten billion in a sustainable means whereas concurrently expanding the future health and conventional of residing for that inhabitants. This document examines key matters within the technological know-how of sustainability which are with regards to total human inhabitants dimension, inhabitants development, getting older populations, migration towards towns, differential intake, and land use switch, by way of various subpopulations, as considered during the lenses of either social and traditional science.

Show description

Download Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention by Rachel E Golden,Charles B. Collins,Shayna D Cunningham,Emily PDF

By Rachel E Golden,Charles B. Collins,Shayna D Cunningham,Emily N Newman,Josefina J. Card

​​​​ ​ delivering particular details on structural HIV prevention interventions, this booklet is meant for health care practitioners and researchers to plan, enforce, and overview such interventions of their personal groups. As outlined by means of the CDC, structural interventions focus at the actual, social, cultural, political, fiscal, criminal, and/or coverage elements of our environment. Designed to arrive numerous participants, structural interventions frequently ensue throughout whole groups, towns, or countries. As a end result, the assets required to start up structural interventions can some distance exceed these required for smaller-scale behavioral courses. although, alterations from structural interventions have the capability to final over time, even after the courses have ended, resulting in potent use of private and non-private prevention resources.​ Because the achieve of structural interventions is usually higher than that of person- or group-focused interventions (for example, the a hundred% Condom Use application, which used to be applied national in Thailand), their impact might be equally—if now not more—significant.This e-book is a resource for well-being practitioners, educators, and researchers who search HIV/AIDS structural prevention courses which were proven to be effective of their areas or for his or her goal populations (e.g. injection drug clients, advertisement intercourse employees, or the final public). With huge case experiences, the book classifies interventions in accordance with the specified results (specific habit or coverage adjustments) in order that the reader may perhaps concentrate on examples of courses with related objectives and objective populations to their own. Addresses the vital public healthiness moral problem relating to which different types of environmental adjustments will be necessary through laws and which will be voluntary, promoted through programmatic, practice, and coverage switch.  ​   

Show description

Download Data Flood: Helping the Navy Address the Rising Tide of by Isaac R. III Porche,Bradley Wilson,Erin-Elizabeth PDF

By Isaac R. III Porche,Bradley Wilson,Erin-Elizabeth Johnson,Shane Tierney,Evan Saltzman

military analysts are suffering to maintain velocity with the starting to be flood of knowledge amassed via intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance sensors. This problem is bound to accentuate because the army maintains to box new and extra sensors. The authors discover strategies for fixing the Navy’s “big facts” problem, contemplating adjustments throughout 4 dimensions: humans, instruments and expertise, info and knowledge architectures, and insist and insist management.

Show description

Download India Migration Report 2016: Gulf migration by S. Irudaya Rajan PDF

By S. Irudaya Rajan

India Migration record 2016 discusses migration to the Persian Gulf area. This quantity:

  • looks at modern labour recruitment and coverage, either in India and within the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) international locations;

  • explores gender concerns in migration to Gulf nations; and

  • brings jointly the newest box facts on migrants throughout states in India.

Part of the celebrated annual sequence, this quantity will curiosity students and researchers of economics, improvement experiences, migration and diaspora stories, labour reports, and sociology. it is going to even be priceless to policymakers and executive associations operating within the sector.

Show description

Download Vital statistics - E-Book: An introduction to health science by Stephen McKenzie PDF

By Stephen McKenzie

Vital facts: an creation to well-being technology data e-book is a brand new Australian e-book. This textbook attracts on genuine global, health-related and native examples, with a wide attract the well-being Sciences pupil. It demonstrates how an figuring out of facts is useful in the genuine international, besides as in data exams.

Vital statistics: an advent to overall healthiness technological know-how facts e-book is a relatively easy-to-read booklet that may painlessly introduce or re-introduce you to the statistical fundamentals prior to guiding you thru extra hard statistical demanding situations.

Written in popularity of wellbeing and fitness Sciences classes which require wisdom of statistical literacy, this booklet courses the reader to an knowing of why, in addition to how and whilst to take advantage of information.

It explores:

  • How information pertains to details, and the way details pertains to knowledge
  • How to exploit statistics to tell apart info from disinformation
  • The value of likelihood, in facts and in lifestyles
  • That inferential information let us infer from samples to populations, and the way important such inferences can be
  • How to correctly follow and interpret statistical measures of distinction and association
  • How qualitative and quantitative equipment vary, and while it’s applicable to take advantage of each
  • The distinctive statistical wishes of the healthiness sciences, and a few in particular overall healthiness technology correct statistics
  • The important value of pcs within the statistical research of information, and provides an summary of the main common analyses
  • Real-life neighborhood examples of well-being facts are offered, e.g. A research carried out on the division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, college of Utah university of medication, explored no matter if there should be a scientific bias affecting the result of genetic specimen exams, that could impact their generalizability.
  • Reader-friendly writing style
  • t-tests/ ANOVA kinfolk of inferential facts all use versions of a similar simple formula
  • Learning targets at first of every bankruptcy and fast Reference Summaries on the finish of every bankruptcy give you the reader with a scope of the content material inside every one chapter.

Show description

Download Sex-Selective Abortion in India: The Impact on Child by Mary Elizabeth Shepherd PDF

By Mary Elizabeth Shepherd

Does sex-selective abortion impact gender differentials in baby morbidity and mortality in India? If prenatal discrimination opposed to women has been substituting for postnatal discrimination, then removing sex-selective abortion could lead on to a rise in extra girl child and baby mortality. during this cautious and thorough examine that employs facts from a 20-year interval, Dr. Mary Elizabeth Shepherd investigates the problems in the back of the intercourse ratio imbalance in India. This well timed paintings not just has severe implications for India, yet its insightful findings can also be hugely informative for lots of nations or societies facing intercourse ratio imbalances.

Show description

Download One Child: Do We Have a Right to More? by Sarah Conly PDF

By Sarah Conly

A compelling argument for the morality of barriers on procreation in lessening the damaging environmental results of unchecked population

We reside in an international the place a burgeoning international inhabitants has began to have a huge and damaging environmental impression. the consequences, together with weather swap and the fight for constrained assets, seem to be inevitable elements of a tricky destiny. necessary inhabitants regulate will be a potential final lodge to strive against this challenge, yet can also be a probably immoral and bad violation of human rights. seeing that such a lot of view procreation as a vital part of the ideal to non-public happiness and autonomy, the dominant view is still that the govt. doesn't have the best to impose those regulations by itself voters, for the sake of destiny those who haven't begun to exist.

Sarah Conly is first to make the contentious argument that not just is it mistaken to have multiple baby within the face of such issues, we don't even maintain the proper to take action. in a single baby, Conly argues that autonomy and private rights should not limitless, specially if one's physique could cause damage to an individual, and that the govt has an ethical legal responsibility to guard either present and destiny voters. Conly supplies readers a thought-provoking and obtainable publicity to the matter of inhabitants progress and develops a reputable view of what our ethical tasks rather are, to generations current and future.

Show description

Download Goths: A Guide to an American Subculture (Guides to by Micah L. Issitt PDF

By Micah L. Issitt

This in-depth exploration of Goth tradition invitations clean understanding―and a critique of latest mainstream tradition by way of comparison.

• Sidebars disguise themes resembling face paint, hair colour, and the starting place of varied physique piercings

• Biographical sketches and interviews support scholars know about the folks primary to Goth culture

• basic files help examine and analysis

• A thesaurus is helping scholars comprehend crucial phrases on the topic of the Goths.

• A bibliography of print and nonprint assets directs readers to extra resources of information

Show description